Seerah Sundays/Ocean of Mercy (Online Class)

Seerah Sundays

Seerah Sundays is a weekly program studying the seerah, or story of  Prophet Muhammad’s life (peace & blessings be upon him).

The talks follow the text of Sidi Shaykh Muhammad al-Jamal’s The Ocean of the Mercy, with commentary offered by Said Bin Yunus.

Everyone is invited to join us:.

Sundays from 10 am – Noon pacific insha’allah

To listen by phone dial: (669) 900-9128   ID# 875 0272 1553

To watch online via Zoom CLICK HERE 

We will begin this chapter on Sunday, September 27th, 2020

1) Click the chapter heading below

2) Click the class link [in blue] below to open up Dropbox

3) To Play: click the triangle on the audio bar (lower left) in Dropbox

4) To Download: click the download icon (upper right) in Dropbox

Class 1A: Introduction to Mawlid In this session, we discuss mawlid, or birth of Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him), the history of celebrating mawlid, & the ways to honor this special day.

Class 1B: Introduction to Seerah In this session, we discuss: seerah, the science of Prophetic biography; it’s development & benefits. We also discuss the title of the text: The Ocean of the Mercy.

Class 2: Foreword (p 3) In this session, we discuss: the first/last of prophets; the Qutb & friends of Allah; inherited vs innovated knowledge; intention & organization of the book.

Class 3: Opening Pages & Prayers (p 4-9) In this session, we discuss: the traditional text’s opening prayers & their meanings.

Class 4: Prologue #1 (p 9) In this session, we discuss: the purpose of a prologue; The 13 Attributes that define the Nature of Allah; the nature of guidance.

Class 5: Prologue #2 (p 9-11) In this session, we discuss: Light & darkness; the Light of Allah; the similtude of Allah’s Light; the light of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him).

Class 6: Chapter 1, Opening Verse (p 13) In this session, we discuss: Qur’anic verse 21:107 & the projection of Muhammadan light into the five worlds of Sufi cosmology: Lahut, Jabarut, Malakut, Mulk & Nasut.

Class 7: Chapter 1, Historical Context #1 (p 13) In this session, we discuss: the Prophetic light in relation to ante-diluvian prophets Adam & Idris (peace be upon them).

Class 8: Chapter 1, Historical Context #2 (p 13) In this session, we discuss: the Prophetic light in relation to Prophet Nuh (peace be upon him), and his children’s legacy to set the stage for understanding Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him).

Class 9: Chapter 1, Historical Context #3 (p 13) In this session, we discuss: Qur’anic verses 16: 120-123 “Ibrahim was a nation unto himself”, the great place of Prophet Ibrahim (peace be upon him) in the history of humanity.

Class 10: Chapter 1, Historical Context #4 (p 13) In this session, we discuss: the character & early life of Prophet Ibrahim in Ur, his later migration to the Holy Land with Sarah, their experience in Egypt, and the noble qualities of his family.

Class 11: Chapter 1, Ibrahim’s Wives (p 13) In this session, we discuss: the importance of having a good manners towards the Friends of God, the beautiful character of Ibrahim’s wives Sarah & Hajar (peace be upon them), & prophecies of the previous scriptures about Sayyidina Isma’il (peace be upon him) & Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him.)

Class 12: Chapter 1, Migration to Makkah (p 14) In this session, we discuss: Hajar/Isma’il’s migration to Makkah (peace be upon them); the marvelous nature of Zamzam; the arrival of Jurham; the qualities of famale friends of Allah.

Class 13: Chapter 1, Sacrificial Son (p 14-15) In this session, we discuss: the Divine Order to sacrifice Isma’il (peace be upon him); the historical account, the wisdom & ramifications of the Order; the relationship between sacrifice & fana’; the relationship of Isma’il’s story to the Sufi Promise/bay’ah.

Class 14: Chapter 1, Building the House (p 15-16) In this session, we discuss: Ibrahim & Isma’il (peace be upon them) building the Ka’aba, the spriritual signs contained within the Kaa’ba, & the rites of worship that open the Ka’aba as a Living House of God.

Class 15: Between Chapters 1 & 2, History of Arabia (p 16) In this session, we discuss: Prophet Isma’il’s lifetime, children & legacy; “Perished Arabs”, “Pure Arabs” & “Accultured Arabs” at the time of Prophet Isma’il (peace be upon him).

Class 16: Chapter 2, Jurhum & Khuza’a (p 16) In this session, we discuss: the first 500 years after Prophet Isma’il (peace be upon him); the rule of Jurhum & Khuza’a; & the beginning of polytheism at the Ka’aba.

Class 17: Chapter 2, Taghut & Jahiliyyah (p 16-18) In this session, we discuss: the social & spiritual shift from tawhid (monotheism) to taghut (polytheism) leading up to the times of the Messenger of Allah (blessings & peace be upon him) in jahiliyyah (the age of pre-Islamic ignorance).
 
Class 18: Chapter 2, Prophetic Ancestory (p 18-19) In this session, we discuss: the ascendency of the tribe of Quraysh & the lineage of Qusay b. Kilab, Abdul-Manaf, Hashim and Abdul-Muttallib; ancestors of the Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him). 

Class 19: Chapter 3, Zam Zam & ‘Abdullah (p 19-21) In this session, we review: the migration of the Prophetic Light, from the first light of creation through the generations to the grandfather & father of Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him); the recovery of Zamzam & the life of ‘Abdullah.

Class 20: Chapter 4, The Elephant (p 23-24) In this session, we discuss: the Jews & Christians of Yemen, the arrival of Abraha in Arabia & the story of the People of the Elephant.

Class 21: Chapter 4, The Meaning of the Signs (p 24) In this session, we discuss: the meanings of the signs that Allah (exalted is He) put in the cosmos & in the cultural events in Arabia; the different reactions of the polytheists & the People of the Previous Scriptures who were looking for a Prophet; & some of the meanings of these events/signs that are relevant for us today.

Class 22: Chapter 4, Mawlid Sharif (p 24) In this session, we discuss: The Light of Allah; the light of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him); & the descent of that light through his noble birth (Mawlid Sharif) as a manifestation of light.

Class 23: Chapter 4, Baby of Blessings (p 25) In this session, we discuss: the time of the Prophet as a newborn (blessings & peace be upon him) while in the home of his mother Amina; & the unique qualities of his perfected form such as, the light of his face, his beautiful fragrance, his blessed saliva; as well as the story of Thuwaybah, his mother-by-suckling.

Class 24: Chapter 4, Desert Dwelling (p 25) In this session, we discuss: the philosophy, ethics, & social customs of the American way of life (din) in contrast & comparison to the Bedouin way of life (din) regarding child rearing; the Arab social institution of foster families, & the reasons why Makkan people would send their newborns to live in the desert with Bedouin families.

Class 25: Chapter 4, Blessing in the Desert (p 25-26) In this session, we discuss: the Story of Halima as-Sa’diyya & lessons on relying on outward conditions vs Allah; a culture of celebrating life; & the meanings of barakah (blessing).

Class 26: Chapter 4, First Foster Family (p 26-27) In this session, we discuss: the early childhood of Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him; his life in the desert with Halima as-Sadiyya; & returning home to Makkah.

Class 27: Chapter 5, Living With Loss (p 27) In this session, we discuss: the 93rd Surah of Qur’an (ad-Duha); understanding trials through a spiritual mindset; the loss of the Prophet’s mother & grandfather (blessings & peace be upon him); & the Wisdoms of Divine Protection in making him an orphan.
Class 28: Chapter 5, Abu Talib’s Family (p 28) In this session, we discuss: Abu Talib; his family & care for the young orphan Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him); and the Prophet’s pre-teen years as a shepherd.
Class 29: Chapter 5, Meanings in Mentoring the Messenger (p 28) In this session, we discuss: some spiritual lessons to be learned from the guardianship of Abu Talib in the Prophet’s youth (blessings & peace be upon him).
Class 30: Chapter 5, First Trip To Syria (p 28-29) In this session, we discuss: the Prophet’s journey (blessings & peace be upon him) to Syria with Abu Talib, the meeting with Bahira the monk, his early work as a shepherd & merchant, and Allah’s wisdom in being a shepherd and merchant. 

Class 31: Chapter 6, Corruptions of Quraysh (p 29-31) In this session, we discuss: spiritual understandings of the Hums, the “Sacreligious Wars” & the Confederacy of al-Fudul.

Class 32: Chapter 7, The Messenger as a Merchant in Syria (p 31-32) In this session, we discuss: Surat al-Duha; the rise of Makkah as an economic center; Tribal structure; introducing Khadija bin Khuwaylid (may Allah be pleased with her); her business partnership with the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him); & his trade trip to Basra with Maysara.

Class 33: Chapter 7, Marrying Khadija (p 31-32) In this session, we discuss: a brief review of the previous discussion; a deeper look into Khadija’s character (May Allah be pleased with her); her proposal to the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) & their marriage ceremony.

Class 34: Chapter 7, The Meaning of Good Character (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: good character as the basis of Khadija’s proposal (may Allah be pleased with her); and the deep Sufi understanding of good character according to Imam al-Ghazali.

Class 35: Chapter 7, Khadijah’s Character (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: highlights of the previous class (there was a long break in between); & the a deeper understanding of Khadija’s virtuous nature.

Class 36: Chapter 7, Marriage of Excellence (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: The character of Prophet Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him); good character (khuluq) & spiritual virtue (ihsan) as the basis of their marriage, the meaning of spiritual virtue (ihsan).

Class 37: Chapter 7, Beloveds of God #1 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the first section of the chapter “The Beloveds of God” from Sidi Muhammad’s book Conversations in the Zawiyya (pg 24-25) as an explanation what a marriage of spiritual excellence (ihsan) looks like.

Class 38: Chapter 7, Beloveds of God #2 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the second section of the chapter “The Beloveds of God” from Sidi Muhammad’s book Conversations in the Zawiyya (pg 25-26) as an explanation what a marriage of spiritual excellence (ihsan) looks like; focusing on time management.

Class 39: Chapter 7, Beloveds of God #3 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the third section of the chapter “The Beloveds of God” from Sidi Muhammad’s book Conversations in the Zawiyya (pg 26-27) as an explanation what a marriage of spiritual excellence (ihsan) looks like; focusing on the role of the husband/father.

Class 40: Chapter 7, Beloveds of God #4 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the fourth section of the chapter “The Beloveds of God” from Sidi Muhammad’s book Conversations in the Zawiyya (pg 27) as an explanation what a marriage of spiritual excellence (ihsan) looks like; focusing on the role of the wife/mother.

Class 41: Chapter 7, Beloveds of God #5 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the fifth section of the chapter “The Beloveds of God” from Sidi Muhammad’s book Conversations in the Zawiyya (pg 27) as an explanation what a marriage of spiritual excellence (ihsan) looks like; focusing on spiritual advices of child rearing.

Class 42: Chapter 7, The Pre-Prophetic Household #1 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the people who lived with the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) before his commission. We discuss his relationship to his step-children, and his own children: al-Qasim, Zaynab, Ruqayyah & Umm Kulthum.

Class 43: Chapter 7, The Pre-Prophetic Household #2 (p 32-33) In this session, we discuss: the people who lived with the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) before his commission. We briefly discuss Fatima & Abdullah, also known as at-Tahir & at-Tayyib, before introducing ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, Zayd al-Harithah & Zubayr ibn al-Awwam (May Allah be pleased with them all).

Class 44: Chapter 8, Rebuilding the Ka’abah (p 34-37) In this session, we discuss: the story of the Quraysh rebuilding the Ka’abah 5 years before the commission of Prophethood.

Class 45: Chapter 8, Birth of Fatima (p 34-37) In this session, we discuss: the birth of Fatimah az-Zahra’ (may Allah be pleased with her) & her early life. This class finishes our discussion of the stage of the seerah before the commission of Prophethood.

Class 46: Chapter 9, (p 37) In this session, we discuss: Allah’s declared intention in creating Muhammad & establishing him as His Final Messenger (blessings & peace be upon him); spiritual maturation in 40 years; the desire to retreat from society; the search for Allah; spiritual experiences in the hills of Makkah & the Cave of Hira on the Mountain of Light.

Class 47: Chapter 9, (p 37-38) In this session, we discuss: the pre-prophetic practices of retreat in Hira & the Sufi concept of khalwah (solitude) as a state & a practice; as well as the sunnah practice of ‘itikaf (staying in the mosque).

Class 48: Chapter 9, (p 38-39) In this session, we discuss: a summary of previous introduction classes of the Muhammadan Light & his role (blessings & peace be upon him) as the 1st & Last Messenger of Allah (Exalted is He); as well as the nature of Khilafa & 3 ontologies of humanity.

Class 49: Chapter 9, (p 39) In this session, we discuss: the true dreams that came to the Messenger of Allah (prayers & peace be upon him) before he received the prophetic commission; the relationship of dreams to revelation; prophetic dreams; classification of dreams according to the Qur’an & Sunnah; differentiating between the types; manners related to sleep & dreaming.

Class 50: Chapter 9, (p 39) In this session, we discuss: Sidi’s use of metaphor of the mountain, the valley & the cave in relation to Qur’anic stories of Musa & Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him).

At minute 1:44:00 we explore the Prophet’s seeking shelter in the cave to current Corona Virus quarantine; the Prophetic understanding of disease; & inner & outer etiquette of contagion.

Class 51: Chapter 9, (p 39-40) In this session, we discuss: the first encounter of our Master Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him) & the Arch-angel Jibra’il (peace be upon him) in the Cave of Hira in Ramadan, 610 CE; and the relationship of these outer events to the inner states of fana fi-shaykh, fana’ fi-rasul & fana’ fi-llah.

Class 52: Chapter 9, (p 40) In this session, we discuss: how Jibra’il (peace be upon him) squeezing the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) 3 times relates to 3 stations of fana fi-shaykh, fana’ fi-rasul & fana’ fi-llah; as well as 3 necessary qualities to cultivate to prepare ourselves to reach these stations.

Class 53: Chapter 9, (p 40) In this session, we discuss: the 3 squeezes in the Cave of Hira as an allegory for the states of fana fi-rasul & fana fi-llah; the gnostic adab of witnessing both Haqqiqah & Shariah; the humanity of Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him) vs the Reality of Muhammad (blessings & peace be upon him); some descriptions of fana’ from our beloved shaykh (Allah have mercy on him).

Class 54: Chapter 9, (p 40) In this session, we: reviewed & finished our discussion on the 3 stages of fana fi-shaykh, fi-rasul & fi-llah, by reading descriptions of fana’ & baqa’ from Sidi’s book How the Arrival is Reached.

Class 55: Chapter 9, (p 41) In this session, we discuss: the meaning of the Divine Name ar-Rabb, the relationship of the slave & Lord in ubudiyyah, the state of dependency at the beginning of human creation (physical & spiritual); Sidi’s tafsir of Suratul ‘Alaq (#1-5); & fana in the 3rd station of the nafs.

Class 56: Chapter 9, (p 41) In this session, we discuss: the esoteric meanings of the “3 firsts of creation”, a) the intellect, b) the pen & c) the Muhammadan Reality.

Class 57: Chapter 9, (p 41-43) In this session, we discuss: Laylat ul-Qadr, the Prophet’s experience leaving the cave (blessings & peace be upon him); the nature of miracles (mu’jiza); the miracle of the Qur’an.

Class 58: Chapter 9, (p 43-46) In this session, we discuss: Prophet Muhammad’s return home (blessings & peace be upon him); Khadija’s response (may Allah be pleased with her); Waraqa’s place in society & advice to them; “The Pause” of revelation (al-fatrah); the meaning of wahy (revelation); 7 types of wahy.

Class 59: Chapter 10, (p 46-51) In this session, we discuss: “a good word” i.e. the shahadah & it’s benefits; the metaphor of a tree; brief commentary on chapter 10 covering exerpts from The Tree of Existence from Ibn al-Arabi.

Class 60: Chapter 11, (p 52-53) In this session, we discuss: the chapter opening, state of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) during the period of the fatrah (pause of revelation); the Divine Wisdom of the period; the end of the fatrah with the earliest revelations; surahs ‘Alaq (96), Qalam (68), Mudathir (74) & Muzammil (73); the earliest Qur’anic teachings & practices.

Class 61: Chapter 11, (p 53-55) In this session, we discuss: the heart of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) as the mirror of the Qur’an; the finality of his message (blessings & peace be upon him); the universal nature of the Qur’an; & the different stages of the prophetic mission.

Class 62: Chapter 12, (p 56) In this session, we discuss: the Secret Period of the Call (da’wah); the wisdom of spreading Islam with discretion; the first people who accepted the din from the household of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him); & the lessons we can glean from that.

Class 66: Chapter 12, (p 57 – 59) In this session, we discuss: a brief review of the Secret Period; the Divine Order to invite Bani Hashim to Islam; the first attempt; the nature and types of miracles; the personage of Abu Lahab b. Abdul Muttalib; the second attempt; the different responses in the family to the invitation; and the wisdom of Abu Talib not embracing Islam.

Class 67: Chapter 12, (p 59-60) In this session, we discuss: the Prophetic call to all of Makkah at Mt Safa in year 3 of the Divine Message; the events that transpired; and the wisdom of these events.

Class 63: Chapter 12, (p 56 – 57)  In this session, we discuss: the first people outside the household of the Prophet (blessings & peace be upon him) to accept Islam during the secret period; Abu Bakr as-Siddiq; ‘Uthman ibn ‘Affan; Talha b. Ubaydullah; az-Zubayr b. al-Awwam; Abdur-Rahman b. ‘Awf; Abu Ubaidah b. al-Jarrah & Sa’d b. Abi Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with them).

Class 64: Chapter 12, (p 56 – 57)  In this session, we discuss: the followers of the Secret Period of the call; the names of the early converts & how the din spread through close interpersonal relationships within families, friendships & clans; the status of the early converts & how most were of a lower social-economic standing; also the wisdoms of this pattern in all of the Prophetic missions; and how & why this theme is relevant today in the struggles of Black Americans & the Palestinians.

Class 65: Chapter 12, (p 56 – 57)  In this session, we discuss: the followers of the Secret Period: their quality & quantity; refuting the claims of modern orientalists who disparage them; the early reaction of Qurayshi polytheists; the establishment of Dar al-Arqam; & the reasons for establishing this first meeting place. Also, beginning at min 1:37:07 we discussed Chapter 13 (p 60 – 61).

Class 65: Chapter 13 (p 60 -61) This is an excerpt from the end of Class 65. We covered how the original salat was sent down, the number daily prayers in the early days; as well as comparing the original form of prayer to the finalized form revealed later.